On Friday the U.S. Army War College formally revoked the master’s degree it had conferred upon Senator John Walsh, a Democrat from Montana. The college found that Walsh had plagiarized significant portions of the research paper that he was required to complete as a prerequisite to graduation.
A review board at the college found that Walsh’s plagiarism was “egregious,” that the paper was “primarily composed of verbatim liftings from other sources,” and that the plagiarism was “intentional.” According to news reports, Walsh’s office said he disagreed with the report’s findings but accepted the review board’s decision; he also apologized to the people of Montana. Walsh, who was appointed to the Senate seat, dropped out of the race for election to a full term after the New York Times reported the plagiarism charges.
How common is plagiarism — the act of borrowing someone else’s work or ideas without attribution? No one really knows. Some years ago the Los Angeles Times reported that 30 percent of college term papers were plagiarized. Another piece says that many college students engage in a practice called “patchwriting,” where they don’t simply engage in verbatim copying of prior work but instead try to paraphrase and rearrange. In either case, of course, the writer isn’t doing their own original thinking.
The internet has made plagiarism both easier and more difficult. Easier, because there is so much content that can be borrowed with a few clicks of a mouse; harder, because there are now software programs and services that can scan phrases and compare them to see whether matches are found in the mass of words floating somewhere in the cloud. It’s hard work, but if teachers care enough, they can ferret out plagiarized work.
Of course, the means of accomplishing plagiarism doesn’t explain why people are motivated to plagiarize in the first place. Perhaps the best indication of the commonness of plagiarism is the fact that you can find multiple articles addressing the most common excuses students offer for their plagiarism. Sad, isn’t it?